Monday, 8 September 2014

Gardening for Bees

Feb 2014
Our tiny wildlife garden, on the outskirts of Shaftesbury, Dorset, featured recently on BBC2 Gardeners' World - and I've had lots of emails asking me about the flowers we planted, in particular for bees. So, I though I'd jot down a list of what we planted to attract pollinators - and also write a little bit about our aims and the underlying structure of the garden in case anyone's interested. If not, just scroll down to the planting list…..

When we moved in earlier this year, there were only three plants growing in the garden; Crocosmia, Hedge Woundwort and Enchanter's Nightshade. There were also a couple of Leylandii, a Hawthorn, a Walnut, an Elder, brambles and loads of Ivy.

The garden is small and mostly paved. It is enclosed by an old red brick South East facing wall and a victorian privy with riled roof, all in poor repair; a North West facing stone wall with crumbling mortar; and larch lap fencing on either side.

When we told the landlord we wanted to turn it into a wildlife garden, he said he was happy for us to do whatever we wanted. So, the first thing we did was cut down the Leylandii!

The other trees proved quite a dilemma. They shade a large part of the garden from early afternoon onwards, which is not so good for bees, but they provide important habitat for birds and other wildlife. So, apart from removing a couple of overhanging branches we decided to leave them as they are. It made the planting more of a challenge, but was the right decision for us.

My partner, Rob, made half a dozen bird boxes from hollowed out tree trunks and reclaimed wood and we attached these to trees and fencing. A pair of blue tits moved in almost straight away, and we also had wrens nesting behind the Ivy, but nothing nested in the sparrow boxes this year. Hopefully they'll find them in 2015! We hung bird feeders on every available branch and on the washing line.

The fact that both the red brick wall and the old stone wall are in disrepair is wonderful. Nothing is more attractive to cavity nesting solitary bees and wasps than the nooks and crannies created within old walls. So all we needed to do with these was leave them well alone! We also build a rockery and piled up old terracotta pots and over miscellaneous items to provide habitat for other insects, small mammals, reptiles and amphibians.

Rob dug a little pond in a semi-shady part of the garden and we now have at least four frogs and one very handsome toad helping us keep the slugs at bay. A number of dragonfly and damselfly species have investigated the pond and we're keeping our fingers crossed that it might eventually be discovered by the local newts.

Other than keeping a few stems for insects to nest in, we removed most of the bramble as it's far too invasive for such a tiny space, but, apart from pruning the lower canopy on the Hawthorn, we have left the Ivy well alone. Ivy truly is amazing! Its flowers provide much needed pollen and nectar, late in the season, for all manner of insects, and its leaves provide excellent cover for birds and other small animals throughout the year.

The only other man-made habitats we have added are Bee Hotels, to attract solitary Mason and Leafcutter bees.

All that is left to add for the purpose of this post is a list of all the flowers we've planted. Most of these have been grown from seeds or cuttings….and some popped up of their own accord….but we also bought a few (thanks to my mother's generosity) from the thursday morning farmer's market in Shaftesbury and also from Brian's fabulous Hill Top Garden at Stour Provost, near Gillingham.

So, here's the list, in no particular order.


Purple Loosestrife **
Yellow loosestrife
Gooseneck loosestrife
Nepeta x 3 **
Pulmonaria *
Dwarf comfrey **
Honeysuckle x 2
Clematis 'Paul Farges'
Verbena bonerensis *
Verbena hasata rosea
Field scabious *
Devil's bit scabious
Small scabious
Garden Valerian
Wild valerian
Hyssop **
Bird's foot trefoil
Bugle white
Bugle blue
Self heal
Sedums  **
Foxglove **
Hemp agrimony **
Welsh poppy *
Orange poppy
Centurea **
Borage **
Viper's bugloss **
Cerinthe **
Sunflower *
Nicotiana
Geranium x lots of different kinds **
Viola
Stachys (Lamb's Ears) *
Hedge woundwort **
Alliums
Chives **
Wild Marjoram **
Thyme *
Crocosmia
Dahlia Honka red *
Wild larkspur *
Enchanter's nightshade
Ivy **
Mint
Francoa
Helianthus
Jacob's ladder (pulemonium) *
Bergamot *
Cosmos **
Nasturtium
Marsh marigold
Salvia **
Runner beans
Knapweed *
Corn cockle
Nipplewort
Harebell *
Betony
Veronica **
Lathyrus (ever lasting sweet pea)
Linaria **
Lithium
Perennial foxglove
Solid aster
Agapanthus
Evening primrose
Dead nettle *
Californian poppy
Primula
Water lily
Forget-me-not *
Perennial borage
Plant from james
Rudbeckia
Campion
Echinops *
Penstemon
Herb robert
Mallow x 2 *

N.B. I've added a * to those flowers that were frequently visited by more than a couple of species of bee and ** to those that have been covered in numerous species throughout their flowering time. It is important to note that the more of each plant you group together, the more likely it is that the bees will find them.

I'm not really a gardener, so some are common names and others latin.

Our planting scheme was planned for continuous flowering throughout the seasons.

Next year we'll be adding the following plants because they are all amazing plants for bees and other pollinators!

Knautia
Echinacea
Lavender x intermedia
Crocus
Rodgersia
Rosemary

Finally I'd like to recommend my favourite book and favourite website for anyone who is interested in making their garden bee friendly.

The book,  Plants for Bees is in my opinion unsurpassed as it is a collaboration between bee experts and gardeners. You can't get a better combination than that.

The website,  The Pollinator Garden , has been compiled over many years by Marc Carlton. It is based on his own experience and I have learned more from this wonderful resource than from any other.

Thank you so much for your interest.

Brigit x

A few photos of some of the visitors we've had this year…..






















11 comments:

  1. I watched Gardeners World after you linked to it on Facebook... your garden is amazing and you sound so enthusiastic about it all... love it! I had to laugh when you spotted the leaf cutter bee going into your bee hotel, I get just as excited too! We are still in the process (started Spring 2013) to totally transform our garden into a wildlife haven, it's still work in progress but the amount of bees and butterflies we've had this year has been amazing. I too have a soft spot for bees and also dragonflies. We also have 2 hives of honey bees which are great fun to watch.. :o)

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    1. Thank you for watching Julie…and for your lovely feedback. I love that I'm not the nay one to get so excited about the leaf cutters :) x

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  2. Really happy to see you and your garden featured on tv and now feeling inspired and influenced - moved into a new home and garden in June so a way to go.

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    1. So glad you'e feeling inspired to plant for bees in your new garden Lizzie!. Good luck x

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  3. We are in the process of adding a perimeter of bee and insect friendly plants to our allotment, I hope to fill it with native plants that will seed freely and be self sustaining. We added a pond surrounded with flowers a couple of years ago and now have regular visits from several breeding frogs all sorts of bees and insects even a damsel fly. Its a peaceful place for us to sit and have a cuppa while at the allotment, and even though my other half is not keen on bees (childhood trauma) he loves the pond area. I try not to use pesticides choosing to cover the crops and grow companion or sacrificial plants or use garlic spray, not always successful. The pond area was almost entirely filled with plants from the clearance tables of our local DIY and garden centre a great way to fill any area, buying the reduced plants that have past their best but will return next year, a good water and feed before planting is normally all they require and if not successful they haven't cost a fortune.

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    1. What a lovely way to plant your garden Elaine…giving a home to plants that are a little past their best! Your garden sounds really beautiful x

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  4. Hello Brigit,
    I saw your brilliant segment on Gardeners 'World last week on you tube here in Melbourne!!! You are such an inspiration and I love your enthusiasm for the Bee. The habitat you've created is amazing!!! Have a big garden in country Victoria and the bees are going crazy at present in a large Rosemary hedge I've planted. Just seem to have the one variety at the moment but from time to time we have the blue-banded come and visit. Fascinating.
    Keep spreading the word
    Anita

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    1. Gosh I wish I lived closer ….would love to see a blue banded bee!!! x

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  5. As it's nearly time to put tomatoes in, I'll have a better chance of spotting them. Like us, they apparently find the tomato irresistible but in our suburban garden finding them is becoming harder. You may like to look at this Brigit http://bluebandedbees.com/ .
    Now if you come "down under", please do come and say hello. https://www.facebook.com/pages/Vue-at-Jindivick-Eco-Bed-and-Breakfast/1415071702097541.
    Cheers Brigit
    Anita xx

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  6. I though I'd jot down a list of all the flowers we've planted to attract pollinators - and also write a little bit about our aims and the underlying structure of the garden. go to www.BlackSpotFarm.com

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