http://bit.ly/pBP1nU and I've been doing a little research since then to see what I can find out about strimming & mowing policies for roadside verges, parks, open spaces etc.
I fully understand that certain roadside verges on major trunk roads need to be kept short(ish) for traffic safety reasons. Elsewhere however, and especially in areas where the reasons for cutting them are purely 'aesthetic' (often because members of the public have complained about an area looking 'untidy'), I feel I must speak out against what I believe results in a short sighted and unnecessary loss of biodiversity.
However, there's absolutely no point in me banging on about "how awful it is that our beautiful native wildflowers are being chopped down before they've had a chance to set seed" - or stamping my feet in frustration about "the knock on effect that this is having on our already endangered pollinators" - if I'm just ranting in an internet blog rather than speaking to the people who can actually effect change (i.e. the policy makers) and making an effort to understand where they're coming from.
But who exactly are the policy makers???
When I first started looking into this I naively thought there might be a single person or department responsible for all the verges and open spaces in any one county. I hoped there might be a 'policy' somewhere which, in light of all the evidence pointing to loss of habitat being a major factor in the decline in bee numbers, could be rewritten. This, of course, is not the case. In fact the issue is far more complicated than I ever imagined.
'Who' is responsible for 'what'?
After a little digging and delving on the internet and a few fruitless telephone calls to various council 'hubs' - "Sorry madam, we can't give out the work numbers of council employees because members of the public might try to contact them"!!! - I finally managed to speak with a lovely 'Biodiversity Action Plan Manager' who helped me understand a little more about the way the system works. So, I feel I'm a little closer now to understanding 'who' is responsible for 'what' when it comes to the UKs verges - and other open spaces. Please don't take my word on what I have written below though, because it all seems to vary so much from county to county and what I've learned is only based upon a very limited amount of research.
I'll start with the major motorway and trunk roads because they seem fairly straight forward. These are the responsibility The Highways Agency whose maintenance policies are set out here - http://bit.ly/q1coI8 . The 'management' of these roads is sometimes contracted out to the County Councils whose counties they run through.
Once you move away from the major trunk roads, to the 'A' roads, the responsibility for maintenance falls to the County, City or Local Authority in which that road is located. Here's a random example of how this works which explains the system far better than I can http://bit.ly/p6jm8a
Unfortunately this is where it starts to get complicated because the verges alongside any given roadside, or pavement, are often partly the responsibility the local authority and partly the responsibility of the County Council... and sometimes the joint responsibility of both! In Warndon Parish Council in the city of Worcester, for instance, the city council's responsibility is to cut the grass within one-and-a-half metres of the footpath - but the rest is Worcestershire County Council's responsibility.
As well as roadside verges there are also 'parks and open spaces'. The authorities responsible for these areas (which include spaces as diverse as sports pitches, ponds, parks, cemeteries and play areas - to the hanging baskets and floral displays you see in town and city centres) could be either District Councils, Parish Councils or Housing Associations.
Here's an example of 'who' is responsible for 'what' in Tower Hamlets (I found it useful to read examples of how different authorities operate at different levels so hope you will too) - http://bit.ly/p661y3
Hope I haven't lost you yet! Please hang on in there.....
As you can see, it's already quite difficult to get to the bottom of whose responsibility it actually is to decide on the grass cutting policies for any given space; but it gets even more challenging now. Once the policy has been decided (i.e. how often/ how short etc) the job of actually 'managing' the grass (or hedge) cutting is then contracted out to local farmers, garden centres, landscape gardeners or any other body or individual who possesses the equipment (truck, tractor, strimmer, mower, scythe (?!) .....) to do the job.
These contracts are agreed/renewed every 3 - 5 years so you can imagine how difficult it is at any given moment in time to find out exactly 'who' is cutting 'what', 'when' and 'where'. The logistics of introducing and implementing new policies don't bear thinking about!
Anyway, enough of the 'who' does 'what' for now and on to the 'whys' and 'wherefores'....
'Where have all the flowers gone?
I have wonderful childhood memories of my father taking me and my brothers for walks on Sunday afternoons in the '60s. We moved house quite often, so our walks covered many different areas of the UK, but the one that sticks out in my mind most visually is the one that ended with us walking back along a bit of the main road from Oxford to Swindon, where we stopped to pick wild flowers for my mother just before we turned back into the road where we lived.
I don't think wild flowers were protected by law back in the early 60's and it certainly didn't occur to me as a child that I was picking anything rare or endangered. There was an absolute abundance of flowers and grasses; nowhere more so than on roadside verges. We would return home from our walks with bunches of flowers and grasses in every imaginable colour for my mother to put in little vases or empty jam jars.
That was nearly fifty years ago and our landscape has since changed quite drastically. The majority of our roadside verges are now wildlife deserts; devoid of flora and fauna. Our once abundant native flora, which overed large areas of countryside and proved ample habitat and foraging for wildlife, is hanging on by a thread.
Since the end of the second world war the UK has lost 97% of our wildflowers and grasslands, 40% of our heathland, 50% of our ancient woodland, 65% of our hedgerows, 75% of our actively coppiced woodland and 90% of our wetlands. The knock on effect on our invertebrates, small mammals and birds has, of course, been devastating.
So how has this happened in such a short time and where has it all gone?
The answer is that our once healthy and species rich landscape has been altered beyond recognition by the effects of industrialised agriculture. With its vast monoculture crops and deadly cocktails of pesticides, intensive farming is bringing us closer and closer to the scenario predicted by Rachel Carson over 50 years ago in her book 'Silent Spring'. As if this is not enough, vast areas of what was once open countryside has been encroached upon by urban sprawl, motorways, industrial estates and out-of-town shopping centres.
So, what's left needs all the help it can get...NOW!
What can we do?
If we are to effect change we must work alongside local authorities and housing associations; communication and cooperation are vital.
I know what I'd like to see happen, but unless we can demonstrate to councils that introducing new management plans for roadside verges and other open spaces will save money, gain public support and increase biodiversity then it's simply not going to happen.
Unfortunately, if councils were simply to 'stop' strimming/mowing the verges, all that would happen is that most of them would revert to docks, couch grass, brambles, nettles and thistles. From my perspective this would be a vast improvement on the short grass verges that don't even offer safe havens in the form of wildlife corridors -but it would attract far too many negative comments from the general public.
Like it or not, council policies are often driven, or at least affected by a need for positive PR. If too many people complain about 'messy' verges, then the council are less likely to implement new policies in favour of increased biodiversity. Worcester City Council recently adopted a policy of leaving verges unmowed to save money and this was the unfortunate result.... http://bit.ly/oI6rCE
So, the way forward is to find evidence and examples of towns, cities and counties in the UK who have implemented new wildlife friendly policies that have proved popular with local people and which have saved local authorities money! This information needs to be shared with key people within our own local authorities; preferably those who are already sympathetic to the idea of roadside verges being full of wildflowers. I'm going to put my energies over the next few weeks and months into finding these examples..... and then.... maybe.... I might just have a fighting chance of persuading my own local town and county councils to review their existing policies.
PLEASE SIGN THIS PETITION...... http://epetitions.direct.gov.uk/petitions/1002 to get the management of amenity grassland in the UK changed to reverse the massive decline in wild flowers. We need 100,000 by August 10th, so if you live anywhere in the UK. PLEASE SIGN UP!!!
A little glimmer of hope
I just want to end this blog, which is already far too long, with something positive......
When I spoke to our local Biodiversity Action Plan manager last week, I discovered that there is a scheme in place to address the problem of loss of biodiversity on roadside verges. It is called the 'Protected Road Verges Project'.
In this project, county councils are working together with wildlife trusts and other conservation groups to protect and manage certain roadside verges. This is how it's working in Worcestershire - http://bit.ly/nAzMNN
I know it's not much... but its a beginning :)
Useful links -
Wonderful Buzz About Bees website - http://www.buzzaboutbees.net/planting-wildflowers-helps-bees.html
Wildflower society - http://www.thewildflowersociety.com/wfs_new_pages/1f_code_of_conduct.htm
More information about 'Protected Verge Project' - http://www.bsbi.org.uk/road_verges.html
One of the major problems of roadside verges (as highlighted in the case in Worcester) is the litter. I regularly walk to university, by choice, but this entails a 20 minute walk along a country road where there are no pavements (a whole other story!). Along this one stretch of road I have seen all kinds of things, be they dumped or thrown from passing cars.ReplyDelete
Before the verges can be left there are people out there that need to learn that littering is not acceptable. How this can be done I don't know. Maybe a reintroduction of the Keep Britain Tidy of the 80s is in order?
Great post by the way :)
Thank you for reading my long post and for your comments Neil. I love the idea of a reintroduction of the 'Keep Britain Tidy' campaign!ReplyDelete
"Totally Agree" with Neil Elkins above, the Rubbish that is flung from Cars along our Lanes in the Countryside - Where do these people think it's all going to go? *Keep Britain Tidy* Here, here ! They forget that it can damage Wildlife ! A Very good statement *B* with some Positive Results X xReplyDelete
Great to see a campagne to stop this unnecessary cutting. I tried with my local council but got no where. Would you like me to put a link on my wildlife blog wildlifevillage.co.ukReplyDelete
I've noticed a few spots around Reading where they've recently adopted a 'wildflower meadow' approach to the maintenance of parks and verges. One of these is very close to my house where the verge has been left unmown this year and is absolutely covered in Yarrow, which is in flower and looks lovely!ReplyDelete
(very bad picture of Marefield pond, but you get the idea)
I think those of us who support such initiatives should make more effort to let the relevant authorities know how we feel.
Thanks for sharing your thoughts, most inspiring :)
We all need to take responsibility for protecting, nurturing& encouraging our precious wildlife from councils to individuals & your brilliantly passionate post couldn't highlight it better :) Not only do councils need to look at policies like verge cutting but we all need to look at out micro climates like our Gardens & learn to let go a little & walk on the wild side <3 <3ReplyDelete
I have just come back from holiday in Devon and seen road verges covered in knapweed. They looked wonderful but I couldn't help wondering if they wouldn't be mown in a couple of days. Thank you for writing this blog Brigit - it's something I feel really strongly about and I would love to be able to do something positive. I seem to have come to a dead end with our local council but I will follow your posts on this with interest.ReplyDelete
In Wakefield District, ooh a good 15-20 years ago they stopped cutting the verges so much. They even went to far as to put up signs saying 'roadside nature reserve'. Possibly it was to save money, but presumably the signs prevented some of the complaints. Could be something other councils could do.ReplyDelete
Cost cutting by councils will accidentally do more for wildlife than anything else.ReplyDelete
Do we need grass verges mown every two weeks?
During the summer the bees swarm over the clover in the grass until it gets mown.
I reckon all those grass cuttings should be put on my compost heap though!
Hi! Basildon Council in Essex also have signs up on some of their verges to denote 'conservation area'. This was done to try to dissuade the public from compaining that it was an eyesore. I am currently considering doing my dissertation next year into this very subject and how vital it is to manage these strips of land appropriately to support the range of biodiversity that use them.ReplyDelete
Perhaps you could lobby the Association of Local Government Ecologists? JayP
That's an excellent idea...thank you so much for the suggestion JayP. Looking them up now.....Delete
Fantastic, I'm not the only one then :-) I have beenlooking into this problem for some time. I think I have had some success with Redditch council about parks and open spaces, i am trying to get some success with Worcestershire council about the verges ect. I wonder if any of the wildlife trusts might get behind this scheme? Might add a bit of weight to it with numbers. I'm glad there are a few like minded people out there :-)ReplyDelete