Wednesday, 27 March 2013

WHICH BEES 'STING' AND WHICH DON'T?


Many people are afraid of bees because they think they will be stung by them, but bees are far more interested in going about their business foraging for pollen and nectar than they are in 'stinging' human beings. It actually takes a lot to provoke a bee to sting you - and many of our UK bees don't sting at all.



Honeybee (Apis mellifera)
Honeybees.......

will sting if defending their honey stores or their queen, or if they think you are threatening their life by standing or sitting on them. 

Honeybees have a barb at the end of their sting which remains under your skin after they have stung. They usually die after they have stung. 

It is worth noting that honeybees have a somewhat variable temperament, from extremely docile to quite tetchy. This is down to genetics: certain crosses can be hard to handle, even by experienced beekeepers. The good news is that honeybees almost never sting anyone who is not close to their nest/hive, so don't worry about being stung whilst gardening or walking through a field.

You are less likely to be stung whilst honeybees are swarming than at any other time. 

Male honeybees have no sting

N.B If you have reason to think you may be allergic to bee venom, you should carry an Epipen



Tree bee (Bombus hypnorum)

Bumblebees...

will only sting if their nest is threatened or if you squeeze them, sit on them or stand on them. They are not naturally aggressive and it takes a lot to provoke them. If they feel threatened by you they will 'tell' you. They do this by raising one of their middle legs in the air. When you move away they will put their leg back down again - but if you go closer (and if they are unhappy about this) they will lift another leg in the air. If you go closer still - they will lift two legs up vertically in the air or turn on their back and show you their sting! This is called 'posturing' but very rarely leads to them actually stinging you.  If bumblebees DO ever sting, their sting has no barb like the honeybee, so they will not die afterwards :)

Male bumblebees do not have a sting.  You can identify the males of some species quite easily by their pale yellow facial hair and little yellow moustaches. Also, male bumblebees are in less hurry than the females when foraging and have thin hairy legs (females have a wide shiny, smooth, flattened corbicula on their back legs and are often carrying pollen)

I often stroke the bumblebees (male and female) in my garden, or pick them up from pavements and roads to put them in safer places and none of these bees have ever stung me.



Leafcutter (Megachile centuncularis)
Solitary bees....
There are over 230 species of solitary bee in the UK and it is VERY rare for anyone to be stung by one of these bees. As solitary bees have no honey stores to protect, there is no reason for nature to have provided them with a good defence weapon like the honeybee. The females are equipped with tiny stings but rarely, if ever, do they use them. You would have to be squashing them to provoke them to sting - and even then, the sting on most of these bees is so insignificant that it cannot pierce human skin.


There are just one or two exceptions. Although the effect is not as severe as a honeybee sting, our tiniest species of ground nesting solitary bee, Lasioglossum and Halictus, both have fully functioning stings capable of penetrating human skin. 

None of the male solitary bees have stings.

N.B. If you have reason to think you may be seriously allergic to bee venom, you should carry an Epipen.

If you are not allergic (the majority of us are not) but you DO get stung by a bee, look for some plantain - chew it up a bit at the front of your mouth - and then spit the chewed up leaf and saliva on the sting.

The bee in this photo is a Buff tailed bumblebee. She is 'posturing' at me after I lifted her up from the road to place her somewhere safe....










Many thanks to Natural Beekeeper, Phil Chandler, of Biobees for his input on honeybees


36 comments:

  1. This is fascinating, I'm sending all my blog readers over to see you right now! :D

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  2. This is really useful, thank you Bee!

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    1. Thank you for reading!

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    2. I just stared my summer wanting to know how to tell which bees sting... So thx

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    3. My husband is back!!! I had a problem with my husband 8 months ago,which lead to us apart. When he broke up with me,I was no longer myself,I felt so empty inside .Until a friend of mine told me about one of her spells that helped her in same problem too that she found on a television program. i emailed the spell caster and I told him my problem and I did what he asked me. To cut the story short,Before I knew what was happening,not up to 48 hours,my husband gave me a call and he come back to me and told me he was sorry about what has happened, I'm so grateful to this spell caster and i will not stop publishing his name on the internet just for the good work he has done for me.If you need his help,you can email him at (onimalovespell@gmail.com)or tel +2347051705853 and he will also help you.

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  3. Jacqueline Woodward-Smith6 April 2013 12:02

    Really wonderful! Thanks so much x

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  4. Really informative, will spread the word on my blog next week :)

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  5. Bridget, after listening to your fascinating talk on wild bees yesterday, when I arrived home I logged into your blog and after researching a few links I was blown away to find you were such a celebrity. I don't have TV anymore so missed your series on TV but will take a look at them on YouTube (if I had a TV this is one programme I would have watched).

    Seeing what you have done to spread the word and influence others has certainly been enlightening to say the least.I have felt for a while there is something missing in my life, only recently I am beginning to realise what it is. I like the way you have got out there amongst the public to spread the word (I only realised about two years ago I had mild aspergers so don't think I could stand in front of an audience like you do, although over the years I have learn't to overcome it, even if I didn't know what it was that was affecting me). These days so many people are living within a bubble, influenced by TV, and the media, games music etc.all controlled by the powers that be without people realising.

    I am in my latter years and feel I would rather keep going right up to the end rather than just slowly fade away. I now belong to OBOD so I can connect with like thinking individuals who connect with the earth, sky and sea.

    Yes I feel I should be doing more with my life to spread the word to others, so many people are so detached from nature. Even if you go on a train journey , very few people look out of the windows to view all the nature that is around. Believe me you see some fascinating things some times, I feel like shouting out “look you just missed something I saw out of the window”. Just walking amongst nature on my own I get such a feeling of oneness, something you cannot describe only experience for yourself.

    I cannot help but feel emotional about what man is doing to the planet all for greed and power. The powers that be have little or no regard for life, animal, plant or human. Wars being deliberately influenced/started to fuel the military industrial complex.

    So many times I have laid in bed thinking, why are things so bad, they don't have to be this way. I get a mixture of sorrow, frustration and anger. Can things keep going on the way they have been?

    Lloyd

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    1. HI Lloyd,

      I'm so glad you found my talk interesting, and thank you for your comments.

      I completely identify with everything you say here.....the way mankind rides roughshod over nature grieves me hugely. I just hope that one day soon the penny will drop and things will change....

      Kind regards,
      Brigit

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  6. very helpful

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  7. I've found a bee i think that has no stinger and the abdomen changes from black to yellow depending how hot it is, in the uk, midlands, what is it or is it a new species?

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    1. I'm not sure what this can be! When you say the abdomen changes from black to yellow do you mean the underside or the entire abdomen? This could possibly be the bee getting covered with yellow pollen which it is more likely to do when the sun is out. If it doesn't have a singer it will be one of the many species of solitary bee....or a male bee. Do you have any photos?

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  8. Thanks brigit, its just the underside of the abdomen so the pollen thing explains that, I don't have any pictures and cant find any on the internet but it must be near enough all black, minus the yellow pollen and its small but chubby with a lot of hair on abdomen.

    It has just been collecting pollen in my shed for a few weeks now and it looked like it was changing colour with the temperature and weren't part of a hive.

    It probably is what you say, a solitary or male bee, thank you for your comments

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  9. Dawn from Chicago18 July 2013 17:48

    This is soooo interesting! We must have a bumblebee hive somewhere in our attic or chimney. They are "coming out of the woodwork", as we find 5-20 a day. We hear them buzzing around our skylights and windows trying to get out. I have been grabbing them gently with a tissue and letting them go outside, either to fly or I set them on a lily.

    I thought I should research whether or not they sting. They are clearly NOT aggressive and rarely get angry when I try to catch them. What has really caught my attention is information from this post. Just a couple hours ago, I opened up the tissue to let one go and his right middle leg was sticking up and I thought for sure I had hurt him! Turns out he just didn't like what I was doing! Hahaha! That is so cute and endearing. I set him on a flower, thinking he was hurt. Thankfully, he was not.

    Do you have any idea where they are likely to have a nest in my house or whether or not they'll go away? They've been around on and off for about 8 days.

    Thanks!

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    1. Hi Dawn,

      I'm so glad that my blog has helped you understand more about the bumblebees nesting in your home! Bumblebee nests don't last for more than a few months. After they have produced new queens and males these will leave the nest to reproduce, the new queens will go into hibernation, and the males, the old queen and all the workers will die.

      They are most likely nesting in your roof space or cavity wall.......

      Brigit x

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  10. I have a correction to make about the bumblebee stings - if you breathe in whilst one is flying towards you, and it goes up your nostril a bit, they sting then as well. It doesn't half make your eyes water too!

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  11. I rescued a bee from my swimming pool, it was soaked thru and I thought it might be dead. I put it in my shed to dry out and placed a small blob of honey in front of it. It may have been my imagination but I thought it was sucking up the honey and after about half hour it was walking and its wings were going (was it drying them out?). I let it walk onto my finger, went into the garden and it flew away!

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  12. As I live with open doors all summer I often have to scoop up bumblebees who are trying to get out through the glass of the windows. Never been stung.

    Once I had a ride out to sea with an inflatable speed boat with some diving friends. Just out from land I discovered a bumblebee. I didn't like the idea of it stranded at sea or having to fly back a very long way, so I scooped it up and had to hold it throughout the bumpy ride and when the guys went diving. Eventually, back on land, I opened my hands and it flew off. Didn't sting. Now that was really putting it to the test! That said, when riding the motorbike and a bumblebee droppend down my neck - well, that was painfull, and I can't blame the poor creature.

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  13. I like this its pretty cool! I have a question though, my friends and i were at a park and there was this bee always around us it never stung but it was allways on our head it was annoying. I think i was smelling us. Was it?

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  14. Thanks for this. All the information I had was less than correct, while not being totally incorrect.

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  15. Had to prove this theory to a few friends from Northumberland, My Granddad taught me as a young boy of 6 years old which one's I could pick up and which I couldn't :), As a child I was horrified he could put his fist around it, Shake and make it buzz to my ear.

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    1. This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.

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  16. Lovely accounts of people's experiences with bees here. For ages I believed bumblebees would not sting me if I carefully picked them up to rescue them. However, up until about 5yrs ago I would always find something to pick them up with. Changed one day when I saw one on a busy footpath and people just walking by nearly treading on it - indeed some were even suggesting I should tread on it rather than rescue it !

    Nothing to hand so I put my finger down next to it and it crawled up. Then I carefully took it to a nearby plant and again let it crawl off onto the plant. Never really held it or scooped it up.

    Now I am happy to rescue them and feed them a drop of honey & water mix on my hand. They really appreciate it and soon get enough energy to buzz their wings, warm up and fly away. I had also already appreciated the bees response by raising a leg but nice to see it confirmed here.

    I am now getting interested in identifying the various types I find. So far this year white tailed and red tailed. I go to the bumbleconservation trust website for help with this.

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  17. I have a couple of questions i am severely allergic to bee stings so I do panic when they are around me (mainly because I don't want to die) and it seems they multiply around me so my question is if I stop panicking will they leave me alone? I also tend to wear sprays that have a sweet smell to them does this attract them? Through out Feb and march I cut down a lot of the bushes and trees I had around my yard and there seems to be more bees around now than in the past 8 years could it be because I cut down a lot of the bushes and trees? Is there anything that will keep them away from my yard (something like a mosquito repellent) or some type of spray I could put on my self (like bug spray)? Do they smell fear from people like dogs do? I don't like to harm any type of animal or insect but I am severely allergic to the stings with the possibility of death and just want to keep them away without harming them. My last question is are all bee stings the same meaning if I am allergic to one am I allergic to all? I live in Virginia and I believe that it's your typical bees here even though I was stung while I lived in Rhode Island (I'm not sure if the locations make a difference).

    I would also like to tell you I found your information to be informative and helpful towards my reactions but I am still scared of them.

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  18. Thank you for the info. For years I have been terrorfied of bees and put them in the same bracket as wasps. However now iv no problem stroking holding and helping the humble bee as much as I can, god knows they need it right now. Thank you for destroying my phobia

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  19. i have a nest of bees above my bathroom room ceiling which is downstairs .i sit in my lounge and watch them working so hard and i can lay in the bath and hear the softly buzzing above my head and i find something very comforting in listening to them .i was told to get rid of them but hey every body needs somewhere to live so there is noway i am getting rid of them .when i go outside they never bother me so why should i bother them ? i leave my doors open and they never venture in . me and the bees have respect and understanding of each others ways ........long live the bumble bee

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  20. Thanks. I've had two Bumbles gesture as described, one on a cool afternoon on a Buddliea bush and another warming up on a May morning. I was fascinated that they were actually communicating with me although my first thought was High Five! :) However, kinda knew they were actually telling me to back off.

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  21. Great article Brigit, thankyou ! Just thought i'd mention not to feed any bees honey. Jane Bonner you did the right thing but better to offer sugar syrup (not brown as it gives them a runny tummy). Honey can carry bee disease and best not to take that risk.

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  22. Rose James (Naomi Aksu's Mum)27 May 2014 12:00

    Thank you for this fascinating insight into the world of Bees, I will be watching for the legs going up from now on! It seems a bit ironic that Honeybees will sting if they feel you are threatening their lives, and yet they will die anyway, after they have stung you!

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  23. when I was a kid about 35 years ago my parents had I think you called them honey suckles but anyway there was a bee that had would look like an H on its back and they would not sting you no matter if you pulled there wings off or whatever you did. they looked a lot like a honey bee but with an H mark on the backside of themand there was usually 50 or 60 around the plants daily and just every now and then there would be a bee that could actually sting are you familiar with this type?

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  25. My husband is back!!! I had a problem with my husband 8 months ago,which lead to us apart. When he broke up with me,I was no longer myself,I felt so empty inside .Until a friend of mine told me about one of her spells that helped her in same problem too that she found on a television program. i emailed the spell caster and I told him my problem and I did what he asked me. To cut the story short,Before I knew what was happening,not up to 48 hours,my husband gave me a call and he come back to me and told me he was sorry about what has happened, I'm so grateful to this spell caster and i will not stop publishing his name on the internet just for the good work he has done for me.If you need his help,you can email him at (onimalovespell@gmail.com)or tel +2347051705853 and he will also help you.

    ReplyDelete